Czechoslovakia was a country that existed from 1918 to 1993. It was initially formed from the regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia, which had been a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Czechoslovakia was a democracy and a member of the League of Nations until it was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany in 1939. After World War II, Czechoslovakia was re-established as a democratic state and became a founding member of the United Nations and the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON).

Czechoslovakia had a diverse population, with the Czechs and Slovaks being the largest ethnic groups. The country was known for its vibrant culture, which included distinctive styles of music, art, and literature. Czechoslovakia was also the home of many famous writers and thinkers, including the author Franz Kafka and the statesman and philosopher Tomas Masaryk.

Czechoslovakia was an important industrial and agricultural producer in Central Europe. Its economy was based on a variety of industries, including steel, machinery, chemicals, textiles, and food processing. Czechoslovakia was also a major supplier of coal, iron ore, and timber. Its agricultural sector produced wheat, barley, potatoes, sugar beet, and hops.

In 1968, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia initiated a period of liberal reform known as the Prague Spring. This period of reform was met with strong opposition from the Soviet Union, which invaded Czechoslovakia in August 1968. The Soviet-led Warsaw Pact forces remained in the country until 1989.

In 1989, Czechoslovakia underwent a peaceful revolution known as the Velvet Revolution. This revolution ended the Communist Party’s rule in the country and ushered in a period of democratic reforms. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia was peacefully dissolved into two separate countries—the Czech Republic and Slovakia—marking the end of the 76-year history of Czechoslovakia.